Terrycloth, terry cloth, terry toweling, terry, or simply toweling is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water. It is manufactured by weaving or knitting. This cloth fabric has uncut loops on both side of the cloth. Each loop acts as a sponge to absorb liquids most commonly water. Woven on a dobby loom with Terry arrangements, various sizes of yarn are used in the construction.
Quality is determined by the yarn type, the fiber (Pima, Egyptian or cotton) and the number of yarns used. If the loops are sheared or cut open, the material becomes less porous and absorbs slower than a loop-pile terry. The weave of terry cloth is non-directional.
Terry can also be made on Jacquard looms to form interesting designs or motifs. Terrycloth can also be yarn dyed to form interesting patterns. Terry Cloth is woven on special looms that have two beams of longitudinal warp through which the filler or weft is fired laterally.
Jacquards can be woven so that each side appears different. One side can be white pile and the second side can be colored loops. This allows terry cloth to be reversible. Ideal for towels, beachwear, blankets, rags, bath mats and bathrobes. Terry cloth is often referred to as Turkish Toweling.