Chenille is a fuzzy yarn whole pile resembles a caterpillar. This 100% cotton fabric was named for the French word meaning Caterpillar. Chenille yarn is manufactured by placing short lengths of yarn, called the “pile”, between two “core yarns” and then twisting the yarn together. The Chenille yarn is made by cutting a specially woven ladder like fabric into warp strips.
The edges of these piles then stand at right angles to the yarn’s core. The cut ends of the softly twisted yarns loosen and form a fringe, giving chenille both its softness and its characteristic look. Chenille or “caterpillar” yarns may be woven on one side or both sides of a fabric. The fabric will look different in one direction compared to another, as the fibers catch the light differently. Chenille type yarns are used for filling in cloth, for embroidery, tassels, rigs and draperies. There are also many applications of Chenille Yarns and woven fabrics in apparel, furnishings, craft projects and home décor.